Saturday, May 23, 2020

X the Influenced and Influential Generation Essay

There are many aspects of my generation that reflect, define, and influence my generation. Its a difficult task to understand Generation X, my generation. We are like no generation before us, and no preceding generation will be like ours. We are empowered by the Internet, we have more knowledge about technology than our parents, and we are exposed to so much information. One thing remains unchanged, as with past generation; the relationship between us and our parents. Jamake Highwater once said, the greatest distance between people is not space, but culture.(301) This is true, my generation has their own culture, one which is of course different than that of our parents. We are still considered rebellious. We listen to music†¦show more content†¦Most of them are indeed this way. Society and conditions that surround teenagers can shape them and mold them. They are impressionable and gullible. Their interests and upbringing can be the most influential factors of thei r lives. Friends of mine are adolescents, like myself. They have their own opinions. Some are more mature than others. Some are more gullible than others. Ill use two contrasting friends to show how one has been influenced and how my other friend hasnt been influenced that much. One Caucasian friend of mine wears hip hop clothes, jewelry and indulges in the hip hop culture. It isnt surprising to hear a mixture of Italian, Puerto Rican, and Egyptian DNA, recite rap lyrics, use slang, and claim to be gangsta. Afterall, he does attend a school in which, the majority of students are black. He thinks of himself as a player, a playboy, like most of the rappers do. He is conceited. He is my friend, but he is fake, fiction, a creation of society. Hes a Christian, but he doesnt attend church. The cross he wears on his chain is just for style. A factor in his life is the fact that his parents are separated. He lives with his grand parents, and they arent restrictive. Maybe he would have turned out different had his parents been together throughout his adolescence. My other friend is American Guyanese, he is black, but dislikes black people. He is not conceited, has a care free attitude, and is very secure. HeShow MoreRelatedMulti-Generational Workforce888 Words   |  4 Pagesof population diversity in the workforce. There are currently four main generations dominating the workforce, they are made up of Silents, Baby Boomers, Generation X and Generation Y. It is expected that in the coming decades there will be further changes with emergence of newer generations, and slower removal of older generations from organizations as pension age increases. Understanding differences between the generations, and learning to adapt their management practices is critical to buildingRead MoreMalcolm X And Mia Mckenzie1035 Words   |  5 Pages For years problems in society and ethics have existed in America, among these problems, many great thinkers have emerged, but two of the most influential of this century are Malcolm X and Mia McKenzie. Malcolm X was one of many civil rights leaders during the 1960’s, who alongside Martin Luther King Jr. was able to bring an end to the segregation laws of the United States. Mia McKenzie is an African American writer who has written countless books, and addresses the issues of racism, queernessRead MoreMalcolm X And The Civil Rights Movement1128 Words   |  5 PagesMalcolm X, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965, who was born Malcolm Little, was orphaned as a child. At the age of 6 his father was killed, and when he was 13 his mother was placed in a mental hospital, after which he went in and out of various foster homes. At the age of 20 Malcolm went to prison for larceny and Breaking and entering. As a result of going to prison, he ended up becoming a member of the group k nown as, the nation of Islam, and after leaving prison on parole in 1952, rapidly climbedRead MoreThe Great Artists Of The Renaissance Period911 Words   |  4 Pagesare considered the greatest and most influential artists of the High Renaissance. Both of them are widely known for their astonishing paintings and sculptures. Most of their famous works abound in religious characters or events, and anatomy influenced their works enormously. Both artists share various similarities and talent but had different beliefs. Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci were amazing artists ahead of their time that inspired future generations of artists. Leonardo di ser Piero daRead MoreEssay Online Social Networking981 Words   |  4 Pagesphones updating the Facebook status (social networking site). Going out to the local pub you will have people on their phones checking in (saying where they are). Social networking is arguably one of the most influential aspects of today’s society. Social networking has changed and influenced today’s society in a variety of ways. It has changed the way we flirt, fall in love, get dumped, take revenge, make and break friendships, gossip, chat and share the latest photos of ourselves. Life’s most importantRead MoreThe Changing Of The Guard : The New Face Of It Ethics1522 Words   |  7 Pages The Changing of the Guard: The New Face of IT Ethics in Younger Generations In America Ask anyone what ethics means and the number of different answers will likely equal the number of different people that were asked. One person may say that ethics are like lines in the sand that establish right from wrong. Another may use that same description to define morals or principles. A company might have a specific view of what is considered ethical and not broach the subject of morals. Most individualsRead MoreMalcolm X Essay1670 Words   |  7 PagesMalcolm X Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, and Andrew Goodman. These people are well known for their positive role in the civil rights movement of the 1960’s, but what about the familiar name Malcolm X? He is sometimes shamed for the ways he went about trying to fix the way African Americans were being treated because he did so in a violent fashion instead of peacefully, but many people do not know the full story of Malcolm X. Malcolm X was a very important civil rights leader. Malcolm X was bornRead MoreOprah : The Best Person959 Words   |  4 PagesBroadcaster of the Year Award. More than that according to the Harris poll , Oprah was America s favorite television personality in 1998, 2000, 2002–06, and 2009. Winfrey was especially popular among women, Democrats, political moderates, Baby Boomers, Generation X, Southern Americans and East Coast Americans. She was without a doubt the youngest person and only the fifth woman ever to receive the honor in IRTS s 25-year history. Oprah amazingly then started her very first production called â€Å"HARPO†. MakingRead MoreThe Culture Of Los Angeles1275 Words   |  6 Pagesthe stage for a groundbreaking music scene that fused punk, country, and rock and roll. The plethora of clubs and dive bars in Hollywood meant that something was going on every night. As a result, the city became an incubator for influential and iconic bands including X, the Blasters, Los Lobos, the Germs, and the Bags. A three-dollar cover at the Whiskey A Go Go could get scenesters in to see shows ranging from the Sex Pistols to Patti Smith, or they could drive over to the legendary Palomino ClubRead MoreSteve Jobs : Technological Revolutionist916 Words   |  4 Pagesdrag-and-drop. Another desktop PC, the iMac was released in 1998. The iMac had the innovative all-in-one design that is used by iMac’s today. In 2001 Jobs released a next generation operating system known as Mac OS X. Mac OS X was inspired by NeXT, Job’s Unix-based operating system he developed independently. This next generation operating system appealed to windows users, persuading them to begin switching to apple computers. Sales soared in 2006 for Apple when they switched from PowerPC processors

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Symbolism in William Goldings Lord of the Flies

Symbolism in William Golding’s ‘Lord of the Flies’ Definition: A symbol is something that is itself as well as something else. In literature it means literal or objective sense coupled with abstract meaning. Symbolism refers to serious and extensive use of symbols in a work of literature. Symbolism in Lord of the Flies: The novel is rich in symbolism. A host of different interpretations of the novel’s symbolism – political, psychological and religious – exists. We will look at some of the prominent symbols employed by Golding and try harmonizing the different interpretations. Since symbolism is an evocative device to communicate the theme of a literary piece, we must first agree on the theme of Lord of the Flies. Theme: Evil†¦show more content†¦He makes the ritual sacrifice of a wild sow to the beast and lets the head of the animal hang on a stick, ostensibly to appease the beast. Only Simon does not believe in the existence of a beast. In his wanderings in the forest he comes across the head of the sow and the entrails of the animal which have attracted a lot of flies by now. He has a hallucination in which the head appears to him as lord of the flies and speaks to him. The symbolism of the beast is also stated in this imaginary conversation in so many words, as follows: â€Å"You knew, didn’t you? I am part of you?...I am the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?† The beast is within man, not without. It is the darkness in men’s hearts. It is their primitive nature, hidden behind a thin layer of civilization. 6. The Signal Fire and the Shelters on the Beach: The signal fire and the shelters symbolize ordered society, civilization and hope. They are contrasted with the barbaric and blood-thirsty hunts. The signal fire is Ralph’s idea. He believes that the children will be rescued soon and therefore there should be a smoke signal going all the time for a passing ship to spot. Piggy, who is more of a realist, realizes that those who were expected to know about the children are all dead and it may be a long time before rescue comes. So he suggests the building of shelters. Though both symbols together stand for civilization againstShow MoreRelatedEssay on Symbolism in William Goldings Lord of the Flies1214 Words   |  5 PagesSymbolism in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies renders either through a character, intention, or theme. The author uses these symbols to have a greater impact on the readers’ interpretation of the novel, rather than merely revealing the idea. Fi rst and foremost, the beast and its several manifestations are few of the many signs that support deeper meanings. Furthermore, there is Piggy, one with intelligence and responsibility and one very important symbol. Finally, there are the two fires whichRead MoreLord of The Flies Essay1673 Words   |  7 PagesLord of the Flies was published in 1954 by William Golding. Today Lord of the Flies is a well known literary criticism. Many schools require their students to read Lord of the Flies because of the literary criticisms in the book. In this paper three themes or literary criticisms are talked about: good vs. evil, symbolism of characters, and maturity of characters. Another topic in Goldings Lord of the Flies is the battle of good vs. evil. Everything seems to start out just fine on the island; theRead MoreLord Of The Flies : Representation Of Violence And War1611 Words   |  7 PagesLord Of The Flies: Representation Of Violence and War Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a German theologian, states that â€Å" The ultimate test of a moral society is the kind of world that it leaves to its children.† In William Golding’s Lord Of The Flies, societal topics run rampant throughout the text with Golding’s use of individuals to represent different aspects of society. Many writers view the Lord Of The Flies as an allegory, as societal topics such as politics make appearances throughout the text. InRead MoreWilliam Goldings View of Humanity1383 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Goldings View of Humanity Taking a post at the Maidstone Grammar School for boys and joining the Royal Navy, gave Golding his understanding of boys and cynical view of the war. William Golding says, the theme (of the book) is an attempt to trace back the defects of society to the defects of human nature... Goldings view of humanity is clearly displayed throughout Lord of the Flies. Through the constant symbolism we are made aware of Goldings pessimism towardsRead MoreWilliam Golding s Lord Of The Flies1745 Words   |  7 Pages1954 novel, Lord of the Flies by Nobel Prize-winner William Golding is a dystopian allegory indicative of vast aspects of the human condition. Set in the midst of a nuclear war, the text details a group of marooned British school boys as they regress to a primitive state. Free from the rules and structures of civilisation and society, the boys split into factions - some attempting to maintain order and achieve common goals; others seeking anarchy and violence. The novel is based on Golding’s experienceRead More Struggle Between Good and Evil in William Goldings Lord of the Flies1186 Words   |  5 PagesThe Struggle Between Good and Evil in William Goldings Lord of the Flies   Ã‚  Ã‚   Evil is not an external force controlled by the devil, but rather the potential for evil resides within each person. Man has the potential to exhibit great kindness or to rape and pillage. In the novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding deals with this evil that exists in the heart of man. With his mastery of such literary tool as structure, syntax, diction, point of view and presentation of character, GoldingRead MoreImportant Symbols in Lord of the Flies by William Golding676 Words   |  3 PagesIn William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies, he uses unique elements to symbolize many concepts throughout the story. The two most important but differing symbols used throughout the novel are the Conch and Sow’s head symbolically used by the author to demonstrate the transition of good to evil as the darkness of savagery slowly begins to powerfully overtake the boys’ mental concept of their civilian nature that they were born into. Both symbolica lly represent a certain importance and power to theRead MoreThe Lord Of The Flies1468 Words   |  6 PagesThe Lord of the Flies tells the story of a group of English schoolboys marooned on a tropical island after their plane is shot down during a war. Though the novel is fictional, its exploration of the idea of human evil is at least partly based on Golding’s experience with the real-life violence and brutality of World War II. Free from the rules and structures of civilization and society, the boys on the island in Lord of the Flies descend into savagery. Golding’s experience in World War II had aRead MoreEssay on The Character Piggy in Lord of the Flies1368 Words   |  6 Pages68) The character Piggy in William Goldings novel Lord of the Flies serves as the intellectual balance to the emotional leaders of a group of shipwrecked British boys. Ironically, their new society values physical qualities over intellectual attributes whereas it is the rational actions that will lead to their survival. Piggys actions and the reactions from his fellow survivors foreshadow his eventual death. Lord of the Flies is overflowing with creative symbolism, surrounding every event andRead MoreWilliam Goldings Lord of the Flies Essay1255 Words   |  6 Pagesever since they were born, or would they disregard all of it and do as they please because there is no definite authority figure to tell them how to live. In William Goldings, The Lord of the Flies, he brilliantly tells a story of life and death and everything in between. His use of symbolism with the conch, beast, and lord of the flies is phenomenal. It is a story that makes you think. Every person, when faced with reality , may act civil now, but in a survival situation, human nature takes over

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Quality and Quantitative Approach in Engineering Free Essays

The objective of this paper is to propose a study and discussion on the use of quantitative and qualitative approaches in engineering research methods and design. In this introduction it is to provide a thorough presentation on the aspects of qualitative and quantitative approaches for engineering research. As such, the scope of this paper covers a broad range of topics and it is important that the engineer to perform successful experiments, and it is equally important that to understand and be able to estimate the accuracy of the engineering investigations through these approaches. We will write a custom essay sample on Quality and Quantitative Approach in Engineering or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the past research approaches in engineering have accumulated to a point at which the engineers and investigators have many selections. For those designing an engineering research proposal, it is recommended that a general framework be maintained to accommodate advice about all facets of the study, from assessing the general theoretical ideas behind the investigation to the detailed data collection and test procedures. Using an extant framework also allows engineering researchers to lodge their plans in design ideas well grounded in the literature and recognized by audiences that read and support the proposals for engineering research. The focuses in this paper are on the use of quantitative and qualitative approach and the comparisons and contrasts in the characteristics as well as the significances of these approaches within the field of engineering design research. 2. Background This section suggests the background and the framework of quantitative as well as the qualitative approaches for engineering research. The theoretical assumptions about what constitute the knowledge claims; the general procedures of research are the strategies of investigation; and detailed procedures of data collection analysis are called methods. . 1 Outline of Quantitative Approach to Engineering Research A quantitative approach in engineering is defined as one in which the engineer mainly employ postpositivist claims for developing knowledge. The knowledge are called cause and effect thinking, reduction to specific variables and hypothesis and questions, use of measurement and observation, and the test of theories. Quantitative appro ach employs strategies of analysis such as experiments and opinions, and collects information on predetermined instruments that yield statistical information. In this scenario the engineer tests a theory by specifying narrow hypotheses and the collection of experiment data to support or refute the hypotheses. An experiential engineering design is applied in which attitudes are assessed both and after an experimental treatment. The data are collected on an instrument that measures attitudes, and the information collected is analyzed using statistical execution and hypothesis testing. 2. 2 Outline of Qualitative Approach to Engineering Research. A qualitative approach in engineering research is one in which the engineer makes knowledge claims based primarily on constructivist perspectives and that is, the multiple meanings of individual experiences, meanings evidently and historically constructed, with intent of developing a theory or pattern, and that is issue-oriented or collaborative. It also uses strategies of investigation such as narratives, phenomenologies, ethnographies, grounded theory studies, and case studies. The engineer collects open-ended, emerging data with the primary intent of developing ideas and design from the data. In this situation the engineers seek to establish the meaning of a phenomenon from the opinions of participants. This means identifying a culture-sharing group and studying how it developed shared patterns of behavior over time (i. e ethnography). One of the key elements of collecting data is to observe participants’ behaviours by participating in their activities. For this research approach, the engineer seeks to examine an issue related to oppression of individuals. To study this, the approach is taken of collecting stories of individual oppression using a narrative approach. Individuals are interviewed at some length to determine how they have personally experienced feedback. 3. Comments and discussion Different form of investigations must be performed on all experimental data. The examination may be a simple verbal appraisal of test results or a complex theoretical analysis of errors involved in the experiment and matching of the data with fundamental principles. The discussion considers the analysis of data to determine errors, precision, and general validity of experimental measurements. The experimentalist should always know the validity of data. In order to specify the performance of an amplifier, an electrical engineer must know the accuracy with which the appropriate measurements of voltage and distortion have been conducted. A nuclear engineer must know the accuracy and precision of many instruments to make radioactivity measurement with confidence. In the quantitative approach like experiential analysis, design engineers have drawn on their own experience of designing to give explanation of aspects of design. Design researchers are also concerned about the lack of acceptance of their ideas by practicing engineering designers. By involving in the engineering research, it is more likely that the outcome of the research will be taken up because of the shared ownership of the knowledge produced by quantitative approach. On the other hand, in the qualitative approach, historical analysis is the discovery from past records a description of explanation for invention in the past. Scientists divide data into primary and secondary sources. Primary source include eyewitness and contemporary records such as instruction manuals and the personal notes. Secondary sources are summaries and reports of invention by other scientist or engineers. The role of historical analysis in qualitative approach is to provide theoretical base for the current research. Development in design due to the introduction of new technology can be compared to the development in the past. During the last decade, the strategies of investigation affiliated with quantitative approach were those that invoked the post-positivist perspectives. These include true experiments and less rigorous experiments. More recently, quantitative strategies involved experiments with many variables and treatments such as factorial and measure designs. They also included elaborate structural equation models that incorporated paths and the identification of the collective strength of multiple variables. The two critical strategies of investigation in the quantitative approach are test experiments and surveys. Experiments include authenticated test experiments, with random assignment of subjects to treatment conditions, as well as quasi-experiments that use non-randomized design. Survey includes using questionnaires and structured interviews for data collection to gather the feedback from the past records. In the qualitative approach, the experiment results those are usually rich and detailed, offering many ideas and concepts to inform consumers your new invention. Qualitative approach can display how the product user feel and think, but cannot tell how many of the audience feel and think that way. Qualitative approaches in research results are considered thought of as themes; they should not be reported as percentages, subjected to statistical analysis or projected to a wider population. The main reason is because the participants do not make up a randomly selected representative sample and not all participants are asked exactly the same. This approach offers flexibility as far as timing is concerned and exhibits an important challenge for engineering design. 4. Conclusion The following points can be considered and taking note when using the quantitative and qualitative approaches for engineering research: 1. Examine the data for consistency. No matter how hard an engineer tries, there will always be some data points that appear to be grossly in error. For instance, if adding heat to a container of water, the temperature must rise, and so if a particular data point indicates a drop in temperature for a heat input , that point might be eliminated. The data should follow common sense consistency. If many data points in the experiment fall in the zone of â€Å"inconsistent†. The entire experimental procedure should be investigated for gross mistakes and miscalculation. 2. Perform a statistical analysis of data. A statistical analysis is only necessary when measurements are tested several times. If this is the case, make estimates of such parameters as stand deviation or etc. 3. Estimate the uncertainties in the test results. The engineering researcher should bear in mind the influence of different variables by the time the final results are collected. 4. Anticipate the test results based on theory. Prior to obtaining correlations of the experimental data, the researcher should review the theory affiliated with the subject and glean relevant information that will indicate the trends the results may take. Critical dimensionless groups, pertinent functional relations, and other information may lead to a fruitful interpretation of data. 5. Correlate the data. The investigator should make sense of the data in terms of physical theories and on the basis of previous experimental work in the engineering field. The test results should be analyzed to display how conform to or differ from previous investigations or standard that may be employed for same measurements. In quantitative approach, the experiments are number-based whereas the qualitative approaches are text-based. Statistical test are used for investigation in quantitative method and more in-depth information on case study of a qualitative method for research in engineering. The main aim in the use of quantitative approach provides observed effects that are interpreted by engineers of a test program on a problem or condition whereas the main function of qualitative approach is more subjective and that is, solving a problem or condition from the point of view of the past experience. In conclusion, both quantitative and qualitative approaches are valid and reliable. However, the use of quantitative approach accounted largely for the measurement device and engineering instrument employed. This offers heavier time expenditure on the planning and lighter on the analysis phase. The use of qualitative approach depended largely on the skill and rigor of an engineer, and that allows the engineer a lighter time expenditure on planning end but a heavier during the investigation stage. How to cite Quality and Quantitative Approach in Engineering, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Minority Shareholders Corporations Legislation

Question: Discuss about the Minority Shareholders for Corporations Legislation. Answer: Introduction Shareholders oppressive acts could take place when the majority shareholders of an organization mis-utilize their authority and power to oppress the minority shareholders. One of the main purposes which state that oppression could take place when there was no ready market for the securities in an organization was done in the perspective of an unlisted proprietary limited corporation (Dundas Lawyers, 2014). It was clearly observed that the beginning of the concept of oppression be positioned within an anxiety to conquer the apparent lacunas of the common law in connection to the minority members. Yet, the concept of oppression was initiated and modified in order to prevail over the issues which were related with the common law rule of Foss v. Harbottle, and in specific, an opportunity to recover on behalf of the corporation could be granted to the minority stakeholders. It was also noted in above mentioned matter in which primarily the tribunals were vigilant in understanding the definition of the word oppression (Dundas Lawyers, 2014). In this case the inheritance was approached in general with the underpinnings of the official non- interference and the ruling of majority which was physically powerful. The above mentioned restrictions and suggestions were granted which stated that the section should be amended so that, beyond the simple concept of oppression, an employee of the corporation could protest. Under the verdict of a committee, such protest should state that the dealings of a organization were being carried out in a way that was wrongly detrimental to that interest of the employees of a corporation (Legal Vision, 2015). Section 233 and 232 of the Act As per the provisions of section 233 of the Corporations Act 2001, relief could be sought in most of the disputes of the shareholders for the allegations of the oppression done by them on the minority shareholders. This section grants that the tribunal may ask a corporation to be wound up by its order (Shand Taylor, 2014). Section 233 of the Act also authorizes the tribunal with certain powers in order to make any command that it deliberates proper in connection to a corporation in situations where the necessities of section 232 were encountered. That authority comprises of giving a verdict that a person buys shares of another party with a proper discount of the share capital of an organization or an instruction that the corporation be convoluted up (Zammit, 2016). Under section 232 of the Act the tribunal has the prudence to make such a verdict of: The conduct of an affair of the corporation; A definite or projected performance or lapse by a corporation; A declaration, or a projected determination, of the employees or a class of employees of a corporation; Contrary to the interests of the members as a whole; or Oppressive to, unfairly prejudicial to, or unfairly discriminatory against the employees whether they were in that capacity or in any other capacity. The inquiry measured here was whether unit holders of a unit trust could seek the similar relief as shareholders under those sections. The law in this respect was vague; therefore the significance of having a Unit holders Agreement or correspondent privilege in the unit trust deed (Bal Lawyers, 2016). The vagueness occurs as the jurisdictions of New South Wales and Victoria have taken dissimilar positions on whether unit holders could seek assistance under the domineering act sections of the Corporations Act, even where there was a corporate trustee (Australian Institute of Company Directors, 2013). This principle of oppression against the minority has been applied by the Supreme Court of Victoria to the performance of the trustee corporations in connection to the privileges and entitlements of recipients. In spite of this in other jurisdictions an opposite view was being adopted; in relation to this act one the conduct of trustee organizations were measured for the reasons of the statutory oppression remedy well within the legislative definition of the phrase affairs of a organization i.e. a body corporate (Craddock Murray Neumann, 2014). In the case of Vigliaroni v. CPS Investment Holdings Pty Ltd, it was clearly stated that where the act of domination transmits to the process of a trust which has a corporate executor in that case the tribunal was given power under section 233 of the Act. Under it the tribunal has a power to work out its wide-ranging authority such as to wind up a corporation in certain proper situations. It was done so that the remedy would definitely get rid of the issue of oppression and facilitate the causes of any prospect oppression to be evades (Farrar and Boulle, 2016). Furthermore, the provisions of sections 232 and 233 of the Act for the act of oppression were to be read generally. It was open to beneficiaries of discretionary trusts managed by a company trustee to seek this remedy. Similarly, in the ensuing Supreme Court of Victoria case of Wain v. Drapac and Ors [2012] VSC 156 (26/04/2012), the applicants were the managers of the respondents group as a result they were provided with certain units in the connected corporations. It was done as part of a decision-making enticement scheme. They suspected that they were enforced out of the corporation by means of oppressive behavior on the part of the principal of the respondent (Addison, 2013). The Tribunal also concluded that the defendants had acted in an oppressive manner towards the workers and have ordered the organization and the principal of the organization to buy the shares in units of the workers who were leaving on a fair price (Thomson Reuters, 2013). Section 232 (d) of the Corporations Act But once a person has recognized that the behavior in question relates to either section 232 sub clause a,b,c then such a person must also institute that it was either: Under sub clause (d) Contrary to the interests of the members as a whole as it was characteristically met in the cases where there was a contravention of the duties of the directors of an organization. The above mentioned ground for relief contained in s.232 would in general include those contraventions of fiduciary duty which directors was obligated to perform in relation to the organization: "Carelessness and contraventions of fiduciary duty of directors, even though those duties were obliged towards the organization and not the shareholders, but they were circuitously contrary to the interests of the employees as a whole. If the corporation has negative impacts then the investment of the employees could be hurt (Corporate First Lawyers, 2016). One anxiety in relation of this term was what could be the understanding which the judiciary would provide to the employees as a whole. Utilization of the conduct, ground for relief or act in question would be less and would be contrary to each and every person or member because: "The interests of the controllers as employees may be well served by their selfish way of performing. Consequently not all of the employees would be underprivileged. More likely those words mean that, where managers act for their own benefit only, then they would be seen to be acting contrary to the interests of members as a whole. Even if the act of the managers in the interests of the majority they would not, under this elucidation, be acting in the interests of employees as a whole (Harwood Andrews, 2016). It was presented by providing a corrective environment of legislation that the tribunal should accept this view. As this part of section 232 came into effect in its current form on 13 March 2000. It was documented as a different foundation for the tribunals to intercede from the oppressive ground in section 232(e) (Turner, 2014). In the matter of Turnbull and Ors v Nrma [2004] NSWSC 577 it was stated that a extraordinary general meeting of the employees of the corporation was requested under section 249D of the Act. Certain employees gave the notice of a resolution of the company they projected to move at the subsequent general meeting. Both cases took place out of a manufacturing dispute among the organization and its employees (Shaw, 2016). The dispute was resolved proceeding to the call which was made by the corporation for the particular meeting in reply to the request of section 249D. On the foundation that it would be contrary to the interests of the members as a whole, the tribunal implements its authority that states that: even though genuinely it was requested, but the corporation may not hold the meeting; and the authentically planned determination need not be put at the subsequent meeting of the organization (Lin, 2017). It was specifically confirmed that oppression does not unavoidably engage commercial injustice. In the matter of Australian Institute of Fitness Pty Limited v Australian Institute of Fitness (Vic/Tas) Pty Limited (No 3) [2015] NSWSC 1639 it was concluded that an action was competent of being contrary to the interests of the members as a whole in customs other than by being profitably partial. One of the examples of this could be being pointlessly extravagant. An act or error, or a projected performance or error, by or on behalf of the organization, or a declaration, or a projected declaration, of a class of employees of the organization, was or would be domineering or unethically detrimental to, or unethically prejudiced against, an employee or numerous number of employees or was or would be contrary to the interests of the members as a whole. The ASIC has stated in a report which was made under Part 3 of the ASIC Act that the tribunal was of opinion that it was reasonable and fair t hat the organization be wound up (Victorian Law Reform Commission, 2016). In the matter of ASIC v Storm Financial Ltd it was stated that a variety of individuals may apply for a command to wind up a corporation, such as the corporation, a creditor, a contributing person, the liquidator, ASIC. A winding up on the reasonable and fair ground was of a prehistoric origin under the provisions of corporate law, and the fresh request was founded on protection of the public interest (Australasian Legal Information Institute, 2016). Section 232 (e) of Corporations Act In order to establish shareholders minority of usage of an act of oppression and mismanagement, under section 232(e), an individual must also institute that it was Oppressive to, unfairly prejudicial to, or unfairly discriminatory against, a employee or employees whether in that capability or in another capacity capability (Holding Redlich, 2012). The idiom Oppressive to, unfairly prejudicial to, or unfairly discriminatory against was alarmed with the behavior of an individual that includes profitable injustice or, as mentioned in the matter of Re Ledir Enterprises Pty Ltd [2013] NSWSC 1332; (2013) 96 ACSR 1 that, a exit from the principles of fair dealing, or where a verdict has been made so as to oblige a drawback, disability or trouble on the applicant that, as per the normal principles of sensibleness and fair dealing, was inequitable. In the above mentioned statement the word Oppressive conduct has to be construed barely and centers on the character of the behavior rather than its impact. In the case of Re Jermyn Street Turkish Baths Ltd [1971] 1 WLR 1042 it was held that the word comprises of the conduct which require the quantity of decency which the employees were unrestricted to anticipate in the conduct of the affairs of a corporation (Gilbert and Tobin, 2016). In the matter of Wayde v NSW Rugby League it was stated that as reputes unfairly prejudicial or discriminatory conduct, merely prejudice or discrimination was not sufficient. So, the tribunal must decide whether a sensible board would have determined that it was inequitable to make that verdict. The tribunal would provide respect to the verdict of the board where there was nothing to propose injustice. It was also confirmed in this case that where there was a noticeable exit from the principles of justice the tribunal may itself be obligatory to make a decision where the equilibrium of opposing welfare lies (Trumble Szanto Lawyers, 2016). So, there have been a number of remedies for the burdened stakeholders as per which the tribunal has wide authorities to make any verdict which it believes to be proper if shareholders could prove that the performance of the affairs of an corporation was contrary to the interests of the shareholders as a whole, oppressive, unfairly prejudicial or unfairly discriminatory. Some of the instances of verdicts that may be proper were set out in s233 of the Act which comprises of the fact that: The organization could be wound up; Engaging a new receiver or a receiver and director; Preventing an individual from employing in particular conduct or from doing a specified act; and Necessitate an individual to do a particular act. Conclusion So, it was observed that the strategy behind sub-section 232 and 233 of the Act was to permit an subjugated stakeholder to be free from the corporation in the situations which were set out in s 232. Where a verdict was made under s 233 of the Act, the claimant must file a copy of the verdict with ASIC within 14 days after it was made. Therefore, it could be concluded that whether the laws in relation to the concept of oppression were dependent on the Corporations Act 2001 apply or dont apply have been regarded as an academic question. The benefit in having a Unit holders Agreement was that if the document was well organized, then there would be obvious privileges and duties on each of the individuals to recognize what conduct was or was not satisfactory, dropping or even getting rid of the opportunity of assertions of oppression and providing unit holders with a clear path out of the unit trust. If a trade was premeditated to be an speculation it should also be considered to be apprehended. References Aherns Lawyers. (2016) Statutory Oppression Remedy Under the Corporations Act 2001 (cth). [Online] Aherns Lawyers. Available from: https://www.ahernslawyers.com.au/latest-news/statutory-oppression-remedy-under-the-corporations-act-2001-cth/ [Accessed on 2/1/17] Victorian Law Reform Commission. (2016) The oppression remedy in the Corporations Act. [Online] Victorian Law Reform Commission. Available from: https://www.lawreform.vic.gov.au/content/3-oppression-remedy-corporations-act [Accessed on 2/1/17] Turner, R. (2014) Corporate Advisory Update April 2014. [Online] Gilbert and Tobin. Available from: https://www.gtlaw.com.au/corporate-advisory-update-april-2014 [Accessed on 2/1/17] Dundas Lawyers. (2014) Shareholder disputes the fight for control. [Online] Dundas Lawyers. Available from: https://www.dundaslawyers.com.au/shareholder-disputes-the-fight-for-control/ [Accessed on 2/1/17] Dundas Lawyers. (2014) Shareholder oppression. [Online] Dundas Lawyers. Available from: https://www.dundaslawyers.com.au/shareholder-oppression/ [Accessed on 2/1/17] Legal Vision. (2015) What is minority shareholder oppression?. [Online] Legal Vision. Available from: https://legalvision.com.au/what-is-minority-shareholder-oppression/ [Accessed on 2/1/17] Craddock Murray Neumann. (2014) Shareholder remedies minority oppression rules. [Online] Craddock Murray Neumann. Available from: https://www.craddock.com.au/Document/Shareholder+remedies+-e2-80-93+minority+oppression+rules.aspx [Accessed on 2/1/17] Shand Taylor. (2014) An Unfair Abuse of Company Power Oppression Claims by Shareholders. [Online] Shand Taylor. Available from: https://www.shandtaylor.com.au/publications/an-unfair-abuse-of-company-power-oppression-claims-by-shareholders [Accessed on 2/1/17] Australian Institute of Company Directors. (2013) Dont forget minority shareholders. [Online] Australian Institute of Company Directors. Available from: https://www.companydirectors.com.au/director-resource-centre/publications/company-director-magazine/2013-back-editions/april/opinion-do-not-forget-minority-shareholders [Accessed on 2/1/17] Harwood Andrews. (2016) Oppression Remedies For Unit Trusts. [Online] Harwood Andrews. Available from: https://harwoodandrews.com.au/news/2016/10/7/oppression-remedies-for-unit-trusts [Accessed on 2/1/17] Thomson Reuters. (2013) Corporations Legislation 2013.[Online] Thomson Reuters. Available from: https://legal.thomsonreuters.com.au/browse/law-annuals/pdf/keysectionannotation.pdf [Accessed on 2/1/17] Zammit, M. (2016) Shareholders Oppression. [Online] The University of Sydney. Available from: https://sydney.edu.au/lec/subjects/associations/notes/Winter%202011/Shareholder%20Oppression.pdf [Accessed on 2/1/17] Farrar, J.H., and Boulle, L.J. (2016) Minority Shareholder Remedies Shifting Dispute Resolution Paradigms. [Online] Bond University. Available from: https://epublications.bond.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1207context=blr [Accessed on 2/1/17] Lin, E. (2017) Shareholder oppression explained. [Online] Find Law Australia. Available from: https://www.findlaw.com.au/articles/4614/shareholder-oppression-explained.aspx [Accessed on 2/1/17] Australasian Legal Information Institute. (2016) Corporations Act 2001 - Sect 232. [Online] Australasian Legal Information Institute. Available from: https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ca2001172/s232.html [Accessed on 2/1/17] Gilbert and Tobin. (2016) A changed and more risky management style does not necessarily result in unfairness or unreasonableness: KGD Investments Pty Ltd v Placard Holdings Pty Ltd [2015] VSC 712. [Online] Gilbert and Tobin. Available from: https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=6ad4f4f3-ecf1-4e82-bd7f-bb9249f12a35 [Accessed on 2/1/17] Corporate First Lawyers. (2016) Minority Shareholders have the right not to be oppressed. [Online] Corporate First Lawyers. Available from: https://corporatefirst.com.au/minority-shareholders-have-the-right-not-to-be-oppressed/ [Accessed on 2/1/17] Bal Lawyers. (2016) Oppressive Conduct Regime: Can Unitholders Take Advantage?. [Online] Bal Lawyers. Available from: https://ballawyers.com.au/2015/06/09/oppressive-conduct-regime-can-unitholders-take-advantage/ [Accessed on 2/1/17] Holding Redlich. (2012) Oppressed minority shareholders and appropriate relief - Is winding up a solvent company an extreme step?. [Online] Holding Redlich. Available from: https://www.holdingredlich.com/dispute-resolution-litigation/oppressed-minority-shareholders-and-appropriate-relief-is-winding-up-a-solvent-company-an-extreme-step [Accessed on 2/1/17] Addison, M. (2013) Stop that meeting! Court intervenes in meeting to remove director. [Online] Dibbs Barker. Available from: https://www.dibbsbarker.com/publication/Stop_that_meeting!_Court_intervenes_in_meeting_to_remove_director.aspx [Accessed on 2/1/17] Shaw, A. (2016) Unitholder rights to oppression remedies under Corporations Act. [Online] Robinson Gill. Available from: https://www.robinsongill.com.au/unitholder-rights-to-oppression-remedies-under-corporations-act/ [Accessed on 2/1/17] Trumble Szanto Lawyers. (2016) The office of trustee is a relatively unforgiving one. Equity is very protective of beneficiaries. [Online] Trumble Szanto Lawyers. Available from: https://www.tsz.com.au/content/remedies-dissatisfied-beneficiaries [Accessed on 2/1/17]

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Medieval Times Essays - Damascus, Damask, Linen, Chemise, Wool

Medieval Times What Was Clothing Like in the Middle Ages? In the Middle Ages the tailoring business developed and fashion as a concept was born. There wasn't much difference among the distinct social classes in the way the clothing were cut, the differences became evident mostly in the colours and materials. The country folk prepared their fabrics themselves and the nobility and the bourgeois had the possibility to buy their own imported fabrics. What Materials Were Used to Make the Clothing? The domestic wool was revised into cloths of different strengths -durable, felt and carded fabrics. The most expensive, the finest and the most colourful cloth was an extremely important merchandise imported for example from the Netherlands, England and Germany. Preparing the fabrics and the threads was a time-consuming and valuable craft. Fabric was extremely valuable despite whether or not it was homemade or imported. The medieval threads were spindled with a distaff (an early part of a spinning wheel). For one whole dress where the density of threads was 12 threads per centimetre you needed as much as 15 000 metres of finished thread; i.e. 30 kilometres of one-filament thread. The thread had to be tightly woven and very durable. The clothes were used all the way to the end -- the parts that were worn-out and broken were mended and patched. When the piece of clothing was totally worn-out, the good parts were used again. This might be a reason why the archeological findings are mostly church textiles. The looseness of the clothes was received by the using of gussets which were triangular inserts used to expand clothing. This way you could also save the valuable fabric. The colours were important to the contemporary people and by lifting the coating the colours of the underclothes and the lining could be shown. The working cloth of the country folk was a linen shirt. Long, dragging clothes were typical in the Middle Ages especially for the rich. Height was emphasised in clothes as well as in architecture. Buttons were first used in the 14th Century, however, they were more used in men's than in women's clothes. Armorial bearing shapes and mi-parti outfits (two different colour halves of clothing) were typical in the Middle Ages. What Did Women Wear? The quantity and quality of medieval woman's clothing depended mostly on status. Queens wore elaborate, exquisitely detailed gowns while peasants wore ill-fitting hand-me-downs. Noblewomen and the wives of wealthy merchants could afford more costly garments. A good example is Margherita Datini. A detailed list of Margherita's clothes from 1397 reveals what the average outfit would contain. The only undergarment consisted of a long dress, or shift. Since it had to be worn against the skin, this garment was usually made from a soft cotton or linen. This would be covered by a wool or fur petticoat during the winter months. Over the petticoat would be a long-sleeved gown. The surcoat covered the gown, but was sleeveless. The average wardrobe of the period contained very few gowns, but an assortment of surcoats made from various material. Margherita had a wide array to choose from; blue damask, taffeta, Oriental damask, and silk are only a few. Some of the surcoats had detachable sleeves, making the outfit versatile and adaptable to the seasons. Women also wore capes, cloaks, and shawls as wraps. They could be made from wool, fur, silk, or velvet. Some of these garments may have included hoods, but there were other types of headdresses. Margherita and other women wore wimples, which were cloths that covered the head, neck, and under the chin. The wimple was sometimes covered by a fur or cloth cap, or straw hat. Ladies wore shoes that were carved wooden bottoms with leather laces. Slippers might be made from silk, but were more often made of leather. The heel was shaped either from small blocks of wood, or from layers of leather. Other accessories included linen undersocks, long wool or silk hose, veils, purses, fans, and handkerchiefs. Lower classes of women had an extremely limited wardrobe. Most pieces were handed down through the family, or were the cast-offs from the lady of the manor. She may or may not have the linen undergarment, and the dress was usually made from as

Thursday, March 5, 2020

The Cost of Child Support essays

The Cost of Child Support essays Child support to me is a great tool that can be used against a dead beat parent or somebody that just keeps having kids regardless of the after affect. It can help the caring and more responsible party care for their offspring; however, there are many parents who take advantage of this free money and use it for their own benefit. I have two boys, a five year old and three year old. I have given them everything a father could give to them. I provide a safe warm house, food on the table and clean clothes. I bath them and make them brush their teeth daily. Every Monday, Wednesday and Friday I get my five year old on the bus and my three year old to preschool. I ensure that every homework or project they bring home gets done and gets done right. I read books to them every night to help their brains develop properly. Every night I have them: they get a bath, their teeth brushed, their ears cleaned, and then of course tucked into their bed watching Wow Wow Wubzy. I take really good care of my boys. In 2009, I was ordered- by the Wayne County Child Support Enforcement Agency- to pay $829 a month for child support. I received the support papers in the mail. They had everything calculated from my income, the mothers income, health insurance costs, daycare costs, etc. There was also a paper for me to fill out in which I could fight the amount I was being ordered to pay. There was no doubt in my mind that this was a mistake. I mean how can my kids cost $829 a month? That being half of the cost because, the mother would be paying the other half. So in reality our kids cost us $1658 a month. I was also ordered to pay all of the daycare costs and the portions of medical costs that my health insurance didnt cover. A month later, both the mother and I had a meeting with the WCCSEA. The lady we met with was Tara; she was the head of the WCCSEA. We had the chance to discuss both mine and the mother's issues. Ambe...

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Operation and management of china's auto production increased Dissertation

Operation and management of china's auto production increased - Dissertation Example ity and Reliability 27 3.4Conclusion 28 CHAPTER 4: RESULT AND ANALYSIS 29 4.0Introduction 29 4.1Chinese Automobile Industry 30 4.1.1Findings 30 4.1.1.1Chinese Auto Industry Sales, 2006 to 2010 30 4.1.1.2Comparison between China and US 32 4.1.1.3Comparison of brands, 2002 and 2011 33 4.1.1.4Market Share and Growth 35 36 4.1.2Analysis 36 4.1.2.1Chinese Auto Industry Sales, 2006 to 2010 36 4.1.2.2Chinese Auto Industry Sales by Category, 2006-2010 37 4.1.2.3Chinese Auto Industry Performance in the Global Arena 38 4.1.2.4Comparison of brands, 2002 and 2011 39 4.1.2.5Analysis on Market Share and... TIONS 47 5.1Conclusions 47 5.2Recommendations 49 BIBLIOGRAPHY 51 APPENDICES 56 Appendix 1: China’s SWOT Analysis 56 Appendix 2: Market Entry Strategies 57 Appendix 3: Selection of the right Market Entry Strategy 58 Table of Figures Figure 1: China's SWOT Analysis 13 Figure 2: Market Entry Strategies that Chinese Auto Industry can select from 17 Figure 3: Process of selecting the right Market Entry Strategy 17 Figure 4: Sales for Chinese Auto Industry 2006 to 2010 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 31 Figure 5: Line Graph of China Auto Products Sales between 2006 and 2010 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 31 Figure 6: China Auto Industry Sales per Product between 2006 and 2010 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 32 Figure 7: The Top Five Auto Industries 2008 and 2009 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 32 Figure 8: Top Five Auto Industries, 2008 and 2009 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 33 Figure 9: Sales by Brand in %age, 2002 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 33 Figure 10: Sales by Brand in %age, 2011 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 34 Figure 11: Sales by Brand in Units, 2002 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 34 Figure 12: Sales by Brands in Units, 2011 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 35 Figure 13: Market Size and Growth (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 35 Figure 14: Market Share by Brand, 2011 (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 36 Figure 15: Impact of Government Tax Incentive (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 44 Figure 16: Position of Chinese Auto Industry within the Global Market (Synergistic Limited, 2012) 46 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.0 Introduction The increased demand for growth and expansion amongst firms within Chinese automobile industry coupled with the increased demand for automobile products within the globe continue to be the reasons behind globalization (Zhu, Sarkis, & Lai, 2007). The Chinese automobile industry aims at